ostrio:cron-jobs

v3.0.2Published 3 months ago

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JoSk

"JoSk" is a Node.js task manager package with a similar API to native setTimeout and setInterval methods, synced between all running instances via MongoDB.

This package supports clusters, multi-server, and multi-threaded Node.js instances, even when running on physically different machines and datacenters. This package goal is to ensure that the only single execution of each task (job, cron) occurs across a multi-server (multi-thread, multi-instance) setup.

JoSk package made for a server-only environment.

ToC:

Main features:

  • 👨‍🔬 ~97% tests coverage;
  • 📦 Zero dependencies, written from scratch for top performance;
  • 🏢 Synchronize single task across multiple servers;
  • 🔏 Collection locking to avoid simultaneous task executions across complex infrastructure;
  • 💪 Bulletproof design, built-in retries, and "zombie" task recovery 🧟🔫.

Prerequisites

  • mongod@>=4.0.0 — (MongoDB Server) Due to the difference in driver's API we recommend to use mongod@4.* or mongod@5.*, for older setups use josk@=1.1.0
  • node@>=8.9.0 — For older setups use josk@=1.1.0

Install:

# for node@>=8.9.0 and mongod@>=4.0.0 (MongoDB server)
npm install josk --save

# for node@<8.9.0 and mongod@<4.0.0 (MongoDB server)
npm install josk@=1.1.0 --save
1const JoSk = require('josk');
2
3//ES6 Style:
4import JoSk from 'josk';

Notes:

  • This package is perfect when you have multiple servers for load-balancing, durability, an array of micro-services or any other solution with multiple running copies of code when you need to run repeating tasks, and you need to run it only once per app, not per server;
  • Limitation — task must be run not often than once per two seconds (from 2 to ∞ seconds). Example tasks: Email, SMS queue, Long-polling requests, Periodical application logic operations or Periodical data fetch and etc;
  • Accuracy — Delay of each task depends on MongoDB and "de-synchronization delay". Trusted time-range of execution period is task_delay ± (256 + MongoDB_Connection_And_Request_Delay). That means this package won't fit when you need to run a task with very certain delays. For other cases, if ±256 ms delays are acceptable - this package is the great solution;
  • Use opts.minRevolvingDelay and opts.maxRevolvingDelay to set the range for random delays between executions. Revolving range acts as a safety control to make sure different servers not picking the same task at the same time. Default values (128 and 768) are the best for 3-server setup (the most common topology). Tune these options to match needs of your project. Higher opts.minRevolvingDelay will reduce load on MongoDB;
  • To avoid "DB locks" — it's recommended to use separate DB from "main" application DB (same MongoDB server can have multiple DBs).
  • This package implements "Collection Locking" via special collection ending with .lock prefix;
  • In total this package will add two new MongoDB collections per each new JoSk({ prefix }) to a database it's connected.

API:

new JoSk({opts}):

  • opts.db {Object} - [Required] Connection to MongoDB, like returned as argument from MongoClient.connect()
  • opts.prefix {String} - [Optional] use to create multiple named instances
  • opts.lockCollectionName {String} - [Optional] By default all JoSk instances use the same __JobTasks__.lock collection for locking
  • opts.debug {Boolean} - [Optional] Enable debugging messages, useful during development
  • opts.autoClear {Boolean} - [Optional] Remove (Clear) obsolete tasks (any tasks which are not found in the instance memory (runtime), but exists in the database). Obsolete tasks may appear in cases when it wasn't cleared from the database on process shutdown, and/or was removed/renamed in the app. Obsolete tasks may appear if multiple app instances running different codebase within the same database, and the task may not exist on one of the instances. Default: false
  • opts.resetOnInit {Boolean} - [Optional] make sure all old tasks is completed before setting a new one. Useful when you run a single instance of an app, or multiple app instances on one machine, in case machine was reloaded during running task and task is unfinished
  • opts.zombieTime {Number} - [Optional] time in milliseconds, after this time - task will be interpreted as "zombie". This parameter allows to rescue task from "zombie mode" in case when: ready() wasn't called, exception during runtime was thrown, or caused by bad logic. While resetOnInit option helps to make sure tasks are done on startup, zombieTime option helps to solve same issue, but during runtime. Default value is 900000 (15 minutes). It's not recommended to set this value to less than a minute (60000ms)
  • opts.minRevolvingDelay {Number} - [Optional] Minimum revolving delay — the minimum delay between tasks executions in milliseconds. Default: 128
  • opts.maxRevolvingDelay {Number} - [Optional] Maximum revolving delay — the maximum delay between tasks executions in milliseconds. Default: 768
  • opts.onError {Function} - [Optional] Informational hook, called instead of throwing exceptions. Default: false. Called with two arguments:
    • title {String}
    • details {Object}
    • details.description {String}
    • details.error {Mix}
    • details.uid {String} - Internal uid, suitable for .clearInterval() and .clearTimeout()
  • opts.onExecuted {Function} - [Optional] Informational hook, called when task is finished. Default: false. Called with two arguments:
    • uid {String} - uid passed into .setImmediate(), .setTimeout(), or setInterval() methods
    • details {Object}
    • details.uid {String} - Internal uid, suitable for .clearInterval() and .clearTimeout()
    • details.date {Date} - Execution timestamp as JS {Date}
    • details.delay {Number} - Execution delay (e.g. interval for .setInterval())
    • details.timestamp {Number} - Execution timestamp as unix {Number}

Initialization:

1// Recommended MongoDB connection options
2// When used with ReplicaSet
3const options = {
4  writeConcern: {
5    j: true,
6    w: 'majority',
7    wtimeout: 30000
8  },
9  readPreference: 'primary'
10};
11
12MongoClient.connect('url', options, (error, client) => {
13  // To avoid "DB locks" — it's a good idea to use separate DB from "main" application DB
14  const db = client.db('dbName');
15  const job = new JoSk({ db });
16});

Passing arguments:

1const job = new JoSk({db: db});
2const myVar = { key: 'value' };
3let myLet = 'Some top level or env.variable (can get changed during runtime)';
4
5const task = function (arg1, arg2, ready) {
6  //... code here
7  ready();
8};
9
10const taskA = function (ready) {
11  task(myVar, myLet, ready);
12};
13
14const taskB = function (ready) {
15  task({ otherKey: 'Another Value' }, 'Some other arguments', ready);
16};
17
18job.setInterval(taskA, 60 * 60 * 1000, 'taskA');
19job.setInterval(taskB, 60 * 60 * 1000, 'taskB');

Note: To clean up old tasks via MongoDB use next query pattern:

1// Run directly in MongoDB console:
2db.getCollection('__JobTasks__').remove({});
3// If you're using multiple JoSk instances with prefix:
4db.getCollection('__JobTasks__PrefixHere').remove({});

setInterval(func, delay, uid)

  • func {Function} - Function to call on schedule
  • delay {Number} - Delay for first run and interval between further executions in milliseconds
  • uid {String} - Unique app-wide task id

Set task into interval execution loop. ready() is passed as the first argument into a task function.

In this example, next task will not be scheduled until the current is ready:

1const syncTask = function (ready) {
2  //...run sync code
3  ready();
4};
5const asyncTask = function (ready) {
6  asyncCall(function () {
7    //...run async code
8    ready();
9  });
10};
11
12job.setInterval(syncTask, 60 * 60 * 1000, 'syncTask');
13job.setInterval(asyncTask, 60 * 60 * 1000, 'asyncTask');

In this example, next task will not wait for the current task to finish:

1const syncTask = function (ready) {
2  ready();
3  //...run sync code
4};
5const asyncTask = function (ready) {
6  ready();
7  asyncCall(function () {
8    //...run async code
9  });
10};
11
12job.setInterval(syncTask, 60 * 60 * 1000, 'syncTask');
13job.setInterval(asyncTask, 60 * 60 * 1000, 'asyncTask');

In this example, we're assuming to have long running task, executed in a loop without delay, but after full execution:

1const longRunningAsyncTask = function (ready) {
2  asyncCall((error, result) => {
3    if (error) {
4      ready(); // <-- Always run `ready()`, even if call was unsuccessful
5    } else {
6      anotherCall(result.data, ['param'], (error, response) => {
7        waitForSomethingElse(response, () => {
8          ready(); // <-- End of full execution
9        });
10      });
11    }
12  });
13};
14
15job.setInterval(longRunningAsyncTask, 0, 'longRunningAsyncTask');

setTimeout(func, delay, uid)

  • func {Function} - Function to call on schedule
  • delay {Number} - Delay in milliseconds
  • uid {String} - Unique app-wide task id

Set task into timeout execution. setTimeout is useful for cluster - when you need to make sure task executed only once. ready() is passed as the first argument into a task function.

1const syncTask = function (ready) {
2  //...run sync code
3  ready();
4};
5const asyncTask = function (ready) {
6  asyncCall(function () {
7    //...run more async code
8    ready();
9  });
10};
11
12job.setTimeout(syncTask, 60 * 60 * 1000, 'syncTask');
13job.setTimeout(asyncTask, 60 * 60 * 1000, 'asyncTask');

setImmediate(func, uid)

  • func {Function} - Function to execute
  • uid {String} - Unique app-wide task id

Immediate execute the function, and only once. setImmediate is useful for cluster - when you need to execute function immediately and only once across all servers. ready() is passed as the first argument into the task function.

1const syncTask = function (ready) {
2  //...run sync code
3  ready();
4};
5const asyncTask = function (ready) {
6  asyncCall(function () {
7    //...run more async code
8    ready();
9  });
10};
11
12job.setImmediate(syncTask, 'syncTask');
13job.setImmediate(asyncTask, 'asyncTask');

clearInterval(timer [, callback])

  • timer {String} — Timer id returned from JoSk#setInterval() method
  • [callback] {Function} — [Optional] callback function, called with error and result arguments. result is true when task is successfully cleared, or false when task is not found

Cancel current interval timer. Must be called in a separate event loop from setInterval.

1const timer = job.setInterval(func, 34789, 'unique-taskid');
2job.clearInterval(timer);

clearTimeout(timer [, callback])

  • timer {String} — Timer id returned from JoSk#setTimeout() method
  • [callback] {Function} — [Optional] callback function, called with error and result arguments. result is true when task is successfully cleared, or false when task is not found

Cancel current timeout timer. Should be called in a separate event loop from setTimeout.

1const timer = job.setTimeout(func, 34789, 'unique-taskid');
2job.clearTimeout(timer);

destroy()

Destroy JoSk instance. This method shouldn't be called in normal circumstances. Stop internal interval timer. After JoSk is destroyed — calling public methods would end up logged to std or if onError hook was passed to JoSk it would receive an error. Only permitted methods are clearTimeout and clearInterval.

1// EXAMPLE: DESTROY JoSk INSTANCE UPON SERVER PROCESS TERMINATION
2const job = new JoSk({db: db});
3
4const cleanUpBeforeTermination = function () {
5  /* ...CLEAN UP AND STOP OTHER THINGS HERE... */
6  job.destroy();
7  process.exit(1);
8};
9
10process.stdin.resume();
11process.on('uncaughtException', cleanUpBeforeTermination);
12process.on('exit', cleanUpBeforeTermination);
13process.on('SIGHUP', cleanUpBeforeTermination);

Examples

Use cases and usage examples

CRON

Use JoSk to invoke synchronized tasks by CRON schedule. Use cron-parser package to parse CRON tasks. createCronTask example

1import parser from 'cron-parser';
2
3const jobCron = new JoSk({
4  db: db,
5  maxRevolvingDelay: 256, // <- Speed up timer speed by lowering its max revolving delay
6  zombieTime: 1024, // <- will need to call `done()` right away
7  prefix: 'cron'
8});
9
10// CREATE HELPER FUNCTION
11const createCronTask = (uniqueName, cronTask, task) => {
12  const next = +parser.parseExpression(cronTask).next().toDate();
13  const timeout = next - Date.now();
14
15  return jobCron.setTimeout(function (done) {
16    done(() => { // <- call `done()` right away
17      // MAKE SURE FURTHER LOGIC EXECUTED
18      // INSIDE done() CALLBACK
19      task(); // <- Execute task
20      createCronTask(uniqueName, cronTask, task); // <- Create task for the next iteration
21    });
22  }, timeout, uniqueName);
23};
24
25createCronTask('My every two seconds cron', '*/2 * * * * *', function () {
26  console.log(new Date);
27});

Running Tests

  1. Clone this package
  2. In Terminal (Console) go to directory where package is cloned
  3. Then run:
# Before run tests make sure NODE_ENV === development
# Install NPM dependencies
npm install --save-dev

# Before run tests you need to have running MongoDB
MONGO_URL="mongodb://127.0.0.1:27017/npm-josk-test-001" npm test

# Be patient, tests are taking around 2 mins

Why JoSk?

JoSk is Job-Task - Is randomly generated name by "uniq" project

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